Medical Boarding Out

From time to time, an employer may have an employee who suffers a medical condition that would warrant a long term medical leave or hospitalisation leave. While employers are generally expected to be accommodating, there are instances where the employer may have little or no choice but to terminate the employee’s employment on medical grounds. This is also known as “medical board out”.

There is a non-exhaustive set of issues to be taken into consideration in deciding whether to medically board out an employee which, amongst others, would include the following:

  1. Nature of employee’s medical condition;
  2. The employee’s job functions;
  3. Prospect and duration of recovery;
  4. Duration of the employee’s continuing absence;
  5. The necessity of hiring temporary staff or outsourcing the employee’s job functions; and
  6. Likelihood of relapse or deterioration in condition.


We also frequently receive queries from our clients, both employers and employees, pertaining to the issue of retirement. The Minimum Retirement Age 2012 states that the age of 60 years shall be the minimum retirement age of an employee. Notwithstanding the stipulated minimum retirement age, the employer and employee may agree to set a higher retirement age and this is usually reflected in the employment contract. Subsequent to an employee’s retirement, the employer may also offer a fixed term post-retirement contract to retain the services of the employee.

The issues commonly experienced our clients are:

  1. Validity of a retirement clause in an employment contract;
  2. Minimum retirement age and early retirement;
  3. Post-retirement fixed term contract;
  4. Termination or non-renewal of employment contract on the basis of retirement;
  5. Retirement clauses in company policies; and
  6. Dismissal without just cause and excuse.

Our Services

Our services and support include, but is not limited to the following areas:

  • Reviewing and drafting employment contracts or employee handbooks to encapsulate the terms and conditions of medical board out and/or retirement.
  • Reviewing and drafting company policies.
  • Advising on the legal rights and obligations of both the company and the employee in the event of medical board out and/or retirement.
  • Representing the employer or the employee in the Industrial Court.

Related Services

Reviews & Testimonials

  • “When our organization encountered a complex employment case, we sought the expertise of MWKA, and I’m thankful we did. John Chan’s legal knowledge is truly reassuring. He responds whenever he’s available, even outside of working hours, should you have a question. If he’s tied up in court and can’t reply promptly, he’ll let you know in advance to ease your concerns. This gesture alone shows his genuine commitment to his clients. John consistently goes above and beyond in his service. He’s been gracious enough to answer questions that even fall outside the immediate scope of our case, which we deeply appreciate. If you’re in a tight spot and need someone who has got your back, I’d wholeheartedly recommend MWKA.” – LY Tai, Passion Republic Sdn Bhd
  • “I am very pleased with MahWengKwai & Associates’ services in particular, John Chan. My dealings with him have been professional, efficient and timely. John is very responsive in addressing any concerns that we have and helping us through the process. Thank you for your excellent service! We are happy with the outcome. Highly recommending MWKA to my HR network.” – Nicole Liew, Hitachi Construction Machinery (Malaysia) Sdn Bhd, Petaling Jaya, Malaysia


Our Employment Department offers consultation on a retainer basis to businesses and employers. Our hassle-free retainer gives you access to our qualified lawyers by email, phone or in meetings at our office.

Naveen Joshua
Senior Associate
Carolyn Ng
Kirthika Padmanapan
Jasmine Wee
Tharani Kunasekaran

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