Malaysia is among the most attractive destinations for foreign direct investment (FDI) in Southeast Asia — thanks to the country’s efforts to maintain an economy as attractive as possible to that investment — as well as a legal infrastructure well-suited to support it.
As the UNCTAD 2014 World Investment Report outlined, cited by Spain’s Santander Trade, Malaysia is the 5th largest recipient of foreign investment in Southeast Asia. Multinational companies in manufacturing, finance, insurance, mining and distribution have shown a particular inclination to invest in Malaysia.
Malaysia’s government is seeking to incentive foreign investors
The Malaysian Government has outlined 13 key reasons why foreign investors should consider investing in Malaysia. Among the highlights include the Malaysian Government’s active effort to make Malaysia a gateway to the ASEAN region, offering various incentives to foreign companies including special status as pioneer investors and tax reductions. Foreign investors have been drawn by Malaysia’s highly-skilled workforce, lower-relative costs, developed public infrastructure and strategic location.
In particular, the Malaysian Government encourages foreign investment via use of a variety of incentives aimed at, among other sectors, high-tech and business process services. As Santander Trade outlined, in 2003 the Malaysian Government “launched a program to boost the economy, which extended the total number of years of tax exemption from 10 to 15 for “pioneer” companies and from 5 to 10 years for priority companies.’ Firms which benefit from the “Multimedia Super Corridor” (MSC) program have more generous tax and regulatory terms.
Additionally, the Malaysian Government has proactively sought to provide direct financial support to foreign investors via subsidies and other direct incentives. A strengthening of the country’s financial system and economic and labour market liberalization have served to bolster these efforts.
Malaysia a hub for sustainable investments with Islamic funds a centerpiece
The Borneo Post recently cited a Rockefeller Foundation study which found that: “Sustainable investment assets in Asia, although still comprising only a small share of total professionally managed assets in the region, now stand at US$53 billion, an increase of 32 per cent from the US$40 billion tallied at the start of 2012.
The largest Asian markets for sustainable investments are Malaysia, Hong Kong and South Korea, with Islamic funds being a major contributor to Malaysia’s sustainable investment assets in the region.”
Some legal considerations
Investors interested in Malaysia should also be aware of some of the legal considerations attendant to that investment. For example, as Santander Trade has highlighted:
- A majority holding interest in the capital of a company in Malaysia is legal. Up to 51% is permitted for projects exporting between 51% and 79% of its production. 30% to 51% is permitted for projects exporting 20% to 50% of its production.
- There are limitations on foreign holdings in radio/television broadcasting, distribution of water and electricity, banks, healthcare, hydrocarbons, the automobile industry, and in stock exchange and leasing companies. Private hospitals and hospital services require joint venture and equity capital holdings can be no greater than 30%.
- Foreigners cannot buy agricultural land, but can own more than 20% of any commercial estate (with no restriction on the number of estates). Foreign investors can also buy land and buildings.
- In 2004 the government launched a restructuring program with a view to privatizing state-owned enterprises (SOE’s) in transport, energy, telecommunications, and financial services.
As the ASEAN region is poised for economic integration beginning in early 2016, Malaysia is uniquely positioned to serve a gateway for foreign companies doing business not only in ASEAN but throughout the Asia-Pacific region. Foreign investors should, however, be well-apprised of all legal considerations attendant to that investment before and throughout their entry into the market.